Test Code: 202500
This assay is only available as part of a panel and cannot be ordered individually.
Staphylococcus aureus is a gram positive coccal bacterium which is normal flora of the skin, nose and respiratory tract. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common species of Staphylococcus to cause Staph infections. It can cause a range of illnesses from minor skin infections, boils, impetigo, food poisoning, cellulitis and toxic shock syndrome. Severe S. aureus infections can cause septic arthritis, endocarditis (infection of the heart valves) and pneumonia. Strains of S. aureus can host bacteriophages that can produce Panton-Valentine leucocidin (PVL), increasing virulence of Staph. PVL is associated with severe necrotizing pneumonia in children and found in community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains.