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Vibrio cholerae

Test Code: D66008

Clinical Utility

This assay is only available as part of a panel and cannot be ordered individually.

No major outbreaks of cholera have occurred in the US since the early 1900's. However, small outbreaks are occasionally reported. In the US, infections with these organisms are generally from consumption of raw seafood, improperly cooked seafood, or cross-contamination by a raw product. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates ~17,500 cases occur annually. V. cholera presents a larger public health risk in less economically developed areas. For example, after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti a large cholera outbreak killed more than 4,600 people. This was a direct result from unsanitary water for bathing and drinking.

 

Disclaimer

Specimens are approved for testing in New York only when indicated in the Specimen Information field above.

The CPT codes provided are based on Viracor-IBT's interpretation of the American Medical Association's Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and are provided for general informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Questions regarding coding should be addressed to your local Medicare carrier. Viracor-IBT assumes no responsibility for billing errors due to reliance on the CPT codes illustrated in this material.

References

Davis BR, Fanning GR, Madden JM, et al. Characterization of biochemically atypical Vibrio cholerae strains and designation of a new pathogenic species, Vibrio mimicus. J Clin Microbiol 1981 Dec;14(6):631-9.

Griffith DC, Kelly-Hope LA, Miller MA. 2006. Review of reported cholera outbreaks worldwide, 1995-2005. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Nov;75(5):973-7.

Dalsgaard A, Alarcon A, Lanata CF, et al. Clinical manifestations and molecular epidemiology of five cases of diarrhoea in children associated with Vibrio metschnikovii in Arequipa, Peru. J Med Microbiol. 1996 Dec;45(6):494-500.

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