Ultrio Elite HIV-1/2, HCV, HBV NAT
The Procleix Ultrio Elite Assay is a qualitative in vitro nucleic acid amplification test to screen for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA, hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA, and/or hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA, and detect human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) RNA in plasma and serum specimens from individual human donors, including donors of whole blood, blood components, and source plasma, and from other living donors. This assay is not intended for use as an aid in diagnosis of infection with HIV-1, HIV-2, HCV or HBV. See package insert for more information.
About This Assay
Epidemiological studies identified HIV-1 and HIV-2 as the etiological agents of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS),1-7 hepatitis C virus (HCV),8-13 and hepatitis B virus (HBV) as causative agents of transfusion-associated hepatitis.14 HIV, HCV, and HBV are transmitted primarily by exposure to infected blood or blood products, certain body fluids or tissues, and from mother to fetus or child.
Current detection of HIV-1 infection in the blood bank setting is based on nucleic acid testing (NAT) for HIV RNA detection and serologic screening for anti-viral antibodies with confirmation by additional more specific supplemental antibody tests.15-18 The addition of NATs has reduced the window period of detection by 6 to 11 days in donations tested individually, significantly reducing the risk of HIV transmission by transfusion.19-22
Diagnosed cases of HIV-2 are observed primarily in West Africa or where exposure through immigration or travel has occurred.23 Assays that detect the antibodies against both HIV-1 and HIV-2 are commonly used for screening blood donations worldwide. HIV-1 and HIV-2 may be discriminated using rapid immunoassays.24-25 The residual risk for potential HIV-2 transfusion is estimated to be extremely low, but it has not been possible to confirm these estimates directly.23, 26 Screening for HIV-2 RNA should reduce the risk even further.
Current detection of HCV infection in the blood bank setting is based on NAT for HCV RNA detection15-17 and serologic screening for anti-viral antibodies.27 The introduction of NATs for HCV RNA has allowed detection of HCV infection approximately 59 days earlier than the current antibody-based tests.22, 15, 28
Current detection of HBV infection in the blood bank setting is based on NAT for HBV DNA detection15-17 and serological screening for HBsAg by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) with confirmation by neutralization tests and anti-hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) assays. A model based on HBV doubling time was used to develop an estimate of approximately 38 to 44 days between infection and HBsAg detection using current tests.29 Studies indicate that NATs for HBV DNA will allow detection of HBV infection several weeks before HBsAg detection.30-33, 15 NAT with enhanced sensitivity for HBV can detect low levels of HBV DNA in serologically negative samples during early stages of infection and in HBc antibody-positive/HBsAg-negative samples during later stages of infection.
The Procleix Ultrio Elite Assay involves three main steps which take place in a single tube on the Procleix Panther System: 1) Sample preparation/ target capture 2) HIV RNA, HCV RNA, and HBV DNA target amplification by Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA)34 and 3) Detection of the amplification products (amplicon) by the Hybridization Protection Assay (HPA).35-36 The Procleix assays incorporate an Internal Control for monitoring assay performance in each individual reaction tube.
Specimens found to be reactive in the Procleix Ultrio Elite Assay may be run in individual Procleix Ultrio Elite HIV, HCV, and/or HBV Discriminatory Assays to determine if they are reactive for HIV, HCV, HBV or any combination. The Procleix Ultrio Elite HIV, HCV, and HBV Discriminatory Assays utilize the same three main steps as the Procleix Ultrio Elite Assay (sample preparation/target capture, TMA and HPA); the same assay procedure is followed with one difference: HIV-specific, HCV-specific, or HBV-specific probe reagents are used in place of the Procleix Ultrio Elite Assay Probe Reagent. The Procleix Ultrio Elite HIV Discriminatory Assay will not distinguish between samples reactive for HIV-1 and those reactive for HIV-2. Test performed by VRL Eurofins, 6933 S. Revere Parkway, Centennial, CO 80112. This test has been cleared or approved for diagnostic use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. See package insert for more information.